Lace Dictionary
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From Chantilly Lace To Coylton

CHANTILLY. The Chantilly white laces much resemble lisle. A thick silk-looking thread outlining the pattern. Black silk Chantilly appeared about the middle of the Eighteenth Century, characterized by fine ground and elegance of floral festoons. The silk laces made in the natural color and called Blonde were made at Chantilly, and as the term Blonde was accepted by many as applying to silk the term Black Blonde was often used to mean black silk. These laces made in Chantilly were called Chantilly laces. Little hand-made lace is now made in Chantilly, the introduction of machinery killing the industry.

CHIOGGIA LACE. Made at the island of Chioggia, near Venice. The industry was revived in 1872. Resembles Old Flemish laces.

CINGALESE. Famous for Maltese laces.

CLINQUANT. The flat kind of bullion lace is termed Clinquant.

CLOSE-STITCH. A name sometimes given to buttonhole stitch.


CLUNY. Modern Cluny is coarse, thick, strong, bobbin, white, made in Belgium, Germany and Italy. characterized by paddles or wheels introduced upon what is otherwise a torchon. The modern name is derived from the museum Cluny and there is little relationship between the modern Cluny and the ancient Cluny Guipure. See Araneum. The differences between the real and the imitation Cluny, torchon or similar bobbin laces may be detected in three ways. First, the imitation made on a machine shows under the magnifying glass the use of two sizes of thread instead of one size, as in the real; second, the threads thrown in a machine are, naturally, crinkly, irregular, and loose, instead of straight and taut, as with real, made on a pillow between rigid pins; third, the imitation is usually of cotton, the real usually linen. See torchon, the prototype of Cluny.

COLBERT AND COLBERTAN. Synonymous terms derived from the name of Colbert, the illustrious prime minister of France in the Seventeenth Century. The lace has an irregular ground after the fashion of Venetian lace preceding the introduction of nets. COLYFORT. An English town at one time active in the making of bobbin laces.

COMO. Much excellent modern Cluny lace is made in the neighborhood of Como.

CONTE, POINT. Darned netting in countable stitches, as distinguished from irregular stitching of spider work or Opus Araneum.

CORALINE. A heavy Italian jeedle-point lace, one of the variety of flat Venetian point. Its pattern is cordlike.

CORDELLA. A fine net lace with raised cord outlining the pattern.

CORDONNET. The cord outline applied to a pattern.

CORFU. A coarse Greek lace of little value for artistic use.

CORNISH. A century ago Cornwall laces were of considerable variety.

COUPE, POINT. French term for cut-work. COURONNES. Ornaments to the cordonnet of needle-point lace.

COURTRAI LACE. Of Valenciennes character made in the town of Courtrai, Belgium.

COXCOMBS. Name often substituted for bars, the connecting threads thrown across open spaces.

COYLTON. Town in England where a few old lace-makers are still employed in the manufacture of Honiton sprigs.