From Barbara Utmann To Zante Lace
UTTMANN. Barbara Uttmann, 1561, introduced lace manufacture. into the Erzgebirge. She introduced pillow lace into Germany, having learned lace-making from a native of Brabant. She was buried at Annaberg. A serie of ive cuts illustrating the process of making Venetian lace.
VALENCIENNES. One of the most easily distinguished of all the net laces. There is no raised work. The designs are all flat and the net is diamond-shaped, the four threads plaited. Machine Valenciennes very closely follows even this detail but cotton always shows fluffy and it thickens on washing, while the linen of the real Valenciennes retains its delicacy and firmness.[ see .....]
Valenciennes bobbin lace, 18th c.
VAN DYKE, the Van Dyke edge was a pointed edge to collars. Van Dyke was a Flemish workman whose stocking frame, utilized in the making of an early form of lace, produced an indented edge, hence Van Dyke edge.
VEILS. Veils and veilings have been used from the earliest prehistoric time. Turkish, Jewish, Assyrian women all wore veils. Real venice Point
VENETIAN. The needle-point lace of Venice is called Venetian Point. Reticella was the beginning, the application of the needle-point to cutwork. When the cutwork character was abandoned and the artists depended entirely upon the needle stitch the lace became Punto in Aria, or stitches in the air. This was the beginning of Point Venise, or Venetian Point, which lace covered particularly a number of varieties: Flat or Plat, and padded work or Punto Avorio. Raised Point was the kind of lace that was raised or padded, sometimes called Gros Point. The Gros Point was frequently called Punto Tagliato a Fogliami and the outlines of the flowers. A series of five cuts illustrating the process of making Venetian lace. First the black paper is pricked with the design, which is then outlined, next filled in, then padded and lastly corded. were stuffed; hence, Raised Point, or Gros Point, as distinguished from the finer qualities. Sometimes called Rose Point, or Gros Point, or Punto a Relievo. Other varieties are called Coral Point or Coraline, because of the coral like formation of the ground. Modern Venetian laces are made with a bobbin and are technically called Guipure de Venise, or Point Plat de Venise aux Fuseaux (Fr. bobbin), which means literally French flat Venetian point made with bobbins, and the trade have abbreviated the term to Flat Venetian Point, which is obviously a misnomer.
Venice lace, point plat, circa 1820
VENEZUELA. Considerable drawn-work is made in Venezuela. Usually the edges are buttonholed instead of simply overcast.
VENICE. See Venitian.
VIERGE, DENTELLE A LA. A simple pattern of lace made in Dieppe.
VOLOGDA. A coarse quality of lace is made at Vologda, Russia. It resembles Torchon but is made with colors, sometimes silk. It is a bobbin lace, Needle-point, made in Venice in the 16th Century
VRAIE. French term describing real or hand-made laces. Among the most important French centers for the production of hand-made laces in commercial quantities are Le Puy, Cra-ponne, Dijon, where the output is largely bobbin laces of the Cluny and Duchesse order.
VRAI RESEAU. A term applying to real bobbin Reseau which succeeded the brides as a means of connecting patterns.
WARP LACE. The first warp lace machine was made about 1775 by Crane, who produced a machine in which warp threads were used. With the Crane machine, plain meshes and warpings were first made. In addition to plain warp nets or warp webbing, there are now made all kinds of laces, edgings, insertions, tatting, cords, braids, veilings and curtains; in fact, the practice of warp lace machinery is endless. Guipure de Venise or flat Venise
WILTSHIRE, England, famous for bobbin lace.
YAK. Coarse pillow lace made in Bucks in Northamptonshire. Crochet lace made of wool is also called Yak.
YOKOHAMA. A great deal of Honiton as well as other lace is made in the lace school at Yokohama.
YOUGHAL. At the Youghal convent in Ireland, much lace is made. Irish point was first produced here and other Irish laceworkers learned their art through Youghal.
YPRES. A Flemish town where Mechlin and Valenciennes were produced.
ZANTE. Identical with Greek point. Manufacture long discontinued although Zante lace is still made in some parts of the Ionian Islands.