From Lacet To Lyme Regis lace
LACET. Term used for a stitch made in Honitons to unite the sprigs.
LACET, ARABIAN. An imitation Arabian lace for curtain purposes. See Arabian Lacet.
LACIS. Term from which lace was derived, applied specifically in the Fifteenth Century to darned netting. During the Middle Ages darned lace or darned netting ha?l various names according to the development of the art. See Introduction. The making of openwork netting sometimes ornamented by beads or embroideries, goes back to the earliest Egyptian and Assyrian periods, and while the term lace was not used at that time, translators from the Chaldaic, Hebraic, and Arabic records have applied the term to what was in reality merely network or embroidery. Early mummy wrappings discovered in Egyptian Greco-Roman tombs were often of drawn-work or cut-work. Homer mentions veils of net woven of gold, and down to the Fourteenth Century innumerable forms of openwork fabric were made, but lace as we understand it and as the Italians understood it in the term Punto in Aria, literally translated as "work out of the air," or produced without a foundation with a needle and thread, was not made until cut-work had advanced by stages through the reticella period, late in the Fifteenth Century. The earliest known engraving on a textile subject is that here shown, a copy of "The Weaver," by George Penz (Nuremberg, 1530). Here is first shown the idea of lace-making with the thread, independent of a background of netting or cut muslin. The motto "sed aranea tactu" (but the spider in delicacy of touch) is the last portion of a Latin couplet, parts of which were used as titles to his five engravings on the senses: Truxa per auditum, linx visu, milvus odore, Simia nos superat gustu, sed aranea tactu. which may be translated as "Wild animals excel us in hearing—the lynx in sight, the vulture in smell, the monkey in taste, but the spider in delicacy of touch." Cut muslin and needlework, after the style of early Limerick, at which place it was made. With the first development of a thread lace, the Italians soon produced various types of Venetian Points and this character of lace remained popular until, encouraged by the royal edicts forbidding the wearing of Spanish and Italian laces, the French developed laces which,. at first merely reproducing the Italian work, 1650, in time took on characteristics of their own and became famous as light laces or net laces. Alengon was the first of this type to be made, 1665, at L'Onray. See French Lace.
LAGETTA. Bark of the "lace tree" of Jamaica (Lagetta Linterria). Having the appearance of a lace mesh.
LAVORO A GROPPI. (It.) Network of knotted pattern.
LAVORO A MAGLIA. (It.) Darned network.
LE PUY. One of the oldest lace centers in France where Cluny, torchon, blonde, Maltese and other hand-made laces are produced. [....MORE]
Black Le Puy lace, circa 1820.
LIEGE. Bobbin lace made in the city of Liege of Brussels and Binche character.
LIERRE. Seat of Flanders lace. Town in Antwerp where much Flanders lace is made, especially Mechlin.
LILLE. Old Lille of the Netherlands, a bobbin lace, was made on simple net ground by twisting two threads square form. Thus the lace is easily distinguished from Mechlin or Brussels or Valenciennes which it otherwise resembles. Lace was made in Lille as early as 1582, the designs of which were marked with thick thread, and were characterized by stiff, straight edges. Black Lille lace has always been a special favorite in England. One of the principal industries in Nottingham is the reproduction of Lille lace. Lille lace particularly flourished during Queen Elizabeth's reign. Lille was nearly extinguished as a lace-making center in 1668, when it was transferred to France and most of the lace-makers retired to Ghent. A sufficient number, however, remained to revive the industry and it again became an important center. [...MORE]
LIMERICK. Embroidery on net, first made in Nottingham at the time of the invention of machine bobbinet. Its manufacture was begun in 1829 by Charles Walker, who started this particular kind of lace-making at Limerick, Ireland. The lace, of which some excellent delicate specimens are extant, is made either by embroidering the pattern with a darning stitch on the net or by a tambour stitch, the spaces left in the pattern being filled with ornamental stitching. Still another variety of Limerick lace made as far back as 1830, was of cut muslin character, the edges being needleworked.
LIMOGES. A guipure made at Limoges.
LORRAINE. Important center where lace-making was carried on for many years.
LUNEVILLE. Bobbin lace, Seventeenth Century, Lorraine. At first a coarse guipure, but later a kind of mignonette.
LYME REGIS. Point and pillow laces of Lyme Regis, Dorsetshire, celebrated in the Eighteenth Century.
LYONS. Lyons manufactures a lace of the maline order, which is characterized chiefly by hand-run outlining of the design in silk or mercerized cotton.