Lace Dictionary
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From Hainault To Hungarian lace

HAINAULT (France). Town where at an early date much bobbin lace was made, particularly Mechlin and blonde laces.

HAMBURG POINT. A term applying to drawn-work embroidered, frequently with colored silks; popular German lace.

HAMMOND. Name of Nottingham lace-maker who first produced on the stocking-frame, 1768, a fabric having the appearance of lace which he misnamed "Valenciennes." He was probably the first to produce a net on the stocking-frame.

HEATHCOAT. In 1809 a patent was granted to John Heathcoat for an invention which revolutionized lace-making. The first factory .operating bobbinet machines was built by Heathcoat in 1810 and in it machines produced lace eighteen, thirty, thirty-six and fifty-four inches wide. Many inventors disputed his claims to credit and many lawsuits resulted. In 181.3 the first John Levers bobbinet frame was brought out.

HOLLIE OR HOLY. In the early period of Venetian laces Hollie or Holy laces, the laces used for ecclesiastical purposes, were usually reticellas, but at a later period cut-work as well as darned work and drawn-work became the accepted types for church lace.

HONITON. The term Honiton applies now to a type of lace similar to Duchesse, but old Honiton could have been anything of a Flemish character because Honiton was the center of the English lace trade since the days of Queen Elizabeth, and was established by Flemish refugees. (See Devonshire.) Honiton has become famous for the manipulation of fine motifs, bobbin-made, afterwards sewn or appliqued or joined to the ground. The old net has of late years been supplanted by the machine net. The most popular form of modern Honiton is produced by first making the motifs or sprigs, sewing them to blue paper and uniting them with a needle. A specialty of Honiton is what is called Devonia lace, its characteristic being the raising in relief of the inner petals of the flowers, and the showing of butterfly wings or other forms standing up and out from the ground in imitation of the natural objects. See illustration Flower lace, also illustration under Duchesse. [....MORE]

HUGUENOT. Huguenot lace was an imitation lace-work. Very little of this is now made. Flowers were cut out of mull or other fabric and mounted on nets. It was very simple work.

HUNGARIAN.   The Hungarian peasants have been always active in the production of bobbin laces. Austro-Hungarian bobbin laces frequently follow the tape lace lines of design. Similar to Bohemian, which see. See also Austro-Hungarian. INCREASED WIDTH. Technical term applying to the enlargement of a pattern.