From Fisherman's Lace To French lace
FINO D'ERBE SPADA. Spanish for Aloe lace.
FISHERMAN'S LACE. Another term for torchon or bobbin, sometimes called Point Pecheur.
FLAT POINT. Same as Point Plat. A flat form of Venetian Point, in distinction from Gros Point and Rose point in great or petty relief. A form not padded or raised.
FLECO MORISCO. Spanish term sometimes applied to Macrame.
FLEMISH. Flemish laces were usually bobbin laces; Mechlin, Valenciennes, Brussels, Duchesse, Blonde laces, Trolle Kant or Binche. Dutch, Flemish and Belgian laces differed only geographically. They were all of the same type. Even Lille lace is called Flemish lace, because Lille was not transferred to France until 1668 and even the cities of Belgium or Northern France, under the influence of the Flemish makers produced Flemish lace, the Flemish lace workers teaching the art to every country of Northern Europe. Even the English Trolly lace was originally Flemish Trolle Kant. Prior to 1685 all light Flemish laces were called Malines.
FLORENTINE. Modern term for a floriated form of torchon, presumably the type of torchon used in the Renaissance period of Italy.
FLOWER. Lace flowers with petals in relief called Devonia lace, a kind of Honiton made in Devonshire.
FOGLIAMI. TAGLIATO FOGLIAMI. A type of Venetian point.
FOND. Groundwork of lace. Fond Simple is the lightest and most transparent of grounds. The mesh is not partly plaited as in Valenciennes, Brussels and Mechlin, nor fully plaited as in Valenciennes, but is formed of twisted double threads. FOURTEENTH CENTURY. Up to the Fourteenth Century plaited gold and silver or metal laces. Gold thread was much used and the sumptuary laws during the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries, prohibiting gold and silver thread, were largely responsible for the invention of needle-point and bobbin laces of flax.
FOURTEEN POINT, FIFTEEN POINT. The numerals indicate the number of openings to the inch in the machine made net. FRAISE. (Fr.) Ruff or frill.
FRANCE, POINT DE. Early examples of French lace strongly resembled Venetian Point lace from the fact that Italian lace workers were imported to teach the French women their methods. This was a part of the plan of Colbert, 1650, to improve lace-making in the French kingdom. In 1665 Alencpns, Argentans, Brussels and Argentellas, called Point de France and made at L'Onray, Rheims, Auxerre, Loudon, Aurillac, Sedan, Guesney, La Flesche, Lemans and Alen^on. The same laces were also frequently named after the town of their manufacture. Thus the lace mav be designated bv many names
FRENCH GUIPURE. The term Guipure, like the term Gimp, applied to heavy work. The word itself is derived from Guipe, a cord around which silk is rolled. The filet, treated as shown on page 60, was called at this early period, the Seventeenth Century, French Guipure.
FRENCH LACES. It is impossible to fix definitely the beginning of French laces. Unquestionably cut-work, drawn-work and darned-work were made prior to the Fifteenth Century. Innumerable illustrations give proof of this, but French lace of needle-point or bobbin character was not introduced until the middle of the Seventeenth Century. Under the Medicis the fashion of wearing costly laces in gold and silver thread became popular. Sometimes it was cut-work, sometimes reticella, and in later years this class of rich lace was called Point de Medici, which term applies to several laces worn at that time. Henry II invented a ruff to hide a scar on his neck, and the style became a fashion, Darned netting was an accomplishment of the ladies at the time. When Richelieu and Louis XIII passed away the court entered into a period of great extravagance, and Colbert, coming into power under Louis XIV, saw in the taste for lace a great source of revenue, so he established factories first at L'Onray. (See Point de France.) While many laces that were made were reproductions of Italian work, the Alen-con and Argentan were distinctly new examples and established a great vogue for light laces; soon Valenciennes became celebrated for its bobbin quality and Lille and Normandy grew in importance. Black and white silk blonde laces are still produced at Bayeux, Caen and Chantilly.
FRISE. (Fr.) Ruffled.
FRISURE. Thin quality bullion lace or braid, Fourteenth Century.