From Egyptian Lace To Escurial Lace
EGYPTIAN. We have evidence of Egyptian work of drawn-work character or of ornamental net, 1000 B.C. In the excavations at Thebes and elsewhere we find nets used to bind the hair and nets for dress purposes, especially to cover the breasts of the women. Sometimes these nets are ornamented with beads or with porcelain deities, strung among the meshes.
ELBERFELD. A town of the Rhenish province, Prussia, where considerable lace is made
EMBROIDERY. The application of a pattern upon a background by stitching or needlework. Sometimes the background is made of soluble texture and when removed by chemical means the embroidery becomes a lace. See Plauen Lace. See Burnt Lace. The invention of the Schiffli machine revolutionized the embroidery industry and gave a close imitation of hand work. The Schiffli machine produces a stitch similar to that of the shuttle sewing machine, and if the work is raised it is raised but very little. You can always distinguish the shuttle thread on the reverse of the goods. The hand machine, however, absolutely simulates hand-embroidery, the only difference being that the machine-work shows every repeated detail identically alike because of the mechanical reproduction. The machine work and Schiffli work, moreover, cannot produce so clearly defined and so highly raised a pattern as in hand work. In all kinds of mechanical embroidery, the stitches run up or down or sideways or diagonally, just as in hand work.
ENTOQUIIXE. French term to denote shell-shaped lace trimming.
ENGLISH LACES. In England many kinds of bobbin laces were made, including tape laces. The Flemish influence was strong. Plaited laces were made here as well as reticellas. As early as the Fifteenth Century cut-work and drawn-work were undertaken and in the Seventeenth Century the refugees who fled to England introduced the Flemish methods. Needlepoint work was made here, but especially strong were the bobbin laces. Devonshire, Bedfordshire, Buckinghamshire and Northamptonshire were conspicuous centers and English Lille, Valenciennes, Brussels and Maltese were all produced. In Middlesex white blondes were made and in Dorsetshire beautiful examples were produced both at Blandford and Lyme Regis. Point d'Angleterre was an early type and Honiton was a well-developed example following the Duchesse style.
ENGLISH POINT. Any English made lace that is needlepoint. Also a lace combining bobbin and needle-point known as Point d'Angleterre. This lace shows the groundwork of the bobbin, the pattern, however, being often undertaken in needle-point. Sometimes there are raised ribs on the leaves and other parts of the design, but this effect is often produced by twisting and plaiting. While it is thought that much of this work was brought over from Belgium, it has been so long associated with the English that it is fair to give them credit for having introduced it. It became popular in Europe, especially in Paris, where it was often called Brussels lace. The method was to make the design details first, joining them afterwards with the woven
ENGRELURE. (Fr.) Narrow edging sewed to lace so as to attach it without injury to a garment. Also called heading,
ENTOILAGE. (Fr.) Plain mesh, ground or galloon.
ENTREDEUX. (Fr.) Term for insertion, whether lace or embroidery.
ERZEGEBIRGE. District between Saxony and Bohemia in which many laces are made.
ESCURIAL. A modern lace in imitation of Rose Point, the patterns, however, being outlined with a lustrous thread.
ESPAGNE, POINT D'. Heavy lace of Spain, Sixteenth Century. Sometimes plaited.
ETERNELLE. Torchon of very open mesh, so strongly made that it is sometimes called eternelle.
EVENTAU. (Fr.) Fan-shaped lace trimming, plaited at the top and hanging so that it "fans" or flares at the bottom edge.