From Devonshire Lace To Dutch Lace
DEVONSHIRE. The Flemings introduced lace-making into Devonshire, England, about 1685. Prior to this date only coarse results were obtained there. Trolly lace was made with English thread of coarser quality than Flemish lace. By the end of the Eighteenth Century Devonshire lace, torchons, black laces and Honiton sprigs mounted on silk machine-made net, rivaled the beauty of Flemish lace. Some small villages and towns of Devonshire are still making sprigs in small pieces.
DIEPPE (France). Famous for its simple bobbin laces resembling Valenciennes, but requiring fewer bobbins. Early in 1500 lace-making was a common occupation with women in Normandy. Black and white laces were made in thriving centers, Havre, Honfleur, Eu, Fecamp and Dieppe. The convent school at Dieppe, established under royal patronage, has been very successful. The thread used here is pure flax.
DORSETSHIRE. Bobbin lace was at one time celebrated. Little lace now made in Dorsetshire.
DOUBLE. POINT DOUBLE. Term sometimes applied to the lace known as Point de Paris.
DRAWN-WORK. (Punto Tirato, Opus Tiratum, or Fil Tire.) Drawn-work is work made by drawing certain threads out of the fabric and tying the remaining threads into patterns. Cut-work, as already explained, is a fabric with certain spaces cut out. Frequently cut-work and drawn-work are combined, however, shows simply the drawn-work. It will be noticed in Fig. 3 that certain threads are drawn out of the work entirely, enabling one to draw together the remaining threads in a way that resembles bobbin work. It is an interlacement and done with a needle, but must not be confused with darning, which is an application of a design direct upon a net. When executed in muslin, drawn-work was often known as Hamburg point or Indian work. Broderie de Nancy, Dresden point and Hamburg point were examples of drawn-work usually elaborated by embroidery of colored stitching
DRESDEN POINT. A kind of embroidered drawn-work.
DRESSED PILLOWS. Pillows used in bobbin lace-making which are ready for work are called dressed pillows.
DUCHESSE. An old Bruges lace of bobbin character, sometimes called guipure de Bruges. While not made of tape, the pattern takes on a tape-like characteristic; all bobbin-wrought by hand and of very fine thread. A similar lace is often called Honiton or Devonia. Honiton is coarser and shows mosaic effects and built-up effects, conspicuous with wheels and set figures. An imitation of Duchesse is made by combining fine tape figures, obviously detached motifs as distinguished from the detached threads of Duchesse. Duchesse was originally made in Bruges, but in later days Flanders, Germany and England took up the work. A lace resembling Duchesse is called Mosaic, because made of many small pieces put together. Brussels Duchesse is the finest quality produced. An imitation is called Princess.
DUNKIRK. Town in France where Malines, the term applying to nearly all light-weight Flemish laces, particularly Mechlin, were made.
DUTCH LACE. Holland has been celebrated for her flax thread and her fine laces, but the term Dutch lace usually applies to laces of a coarse character suitable for household ornamentation. (See Dentelle a la Reine.) The chief cities of the northern country, now Holland, which in 1576 constituted the Dutch republic of Holland, Zealand and Gelderland, were Haarlem, Delft, Leyden, Amsterdam, Utrecht and Rotterdam.